Part 3 Micronutrients and Fluids

Part 3 Micronutrients and Fluids

Part 3 Micronutrients and Fluids

    • You will now discuss non-energy nutrients, vitamins, minerals. Look at vitamin and mineral intakes and for each one, compare your intake with the DRI for each micronutrient.

    • Suggestion: make a table and outline what nutrients are deficient and those above goal; then identify food sources for those deficient and the UL for those in excess. Include a column to indicate your concern if any.

      You should discuss the table and the DATA to summarize results!!!

  1. Discuss deficiencies: Discuss all vitamins or minerals that are deficient (

    any less than 80% of goal

    ). Which foods are good sources (what foods can be added or increased) of that vitamin or mineral?
  2. Discuss excessive intake: Do you have any concerns about high intakes of any micronutrients (

    discuss those > 100% of goal

    )? Consider the UL in your discussion of these nutrients (if there is an UL does your intake surpass the UL?).
  3. Do you need a multivitamin supplement? Defend your answer. Remember you were not to include a vitamin or mineral supplement in your analysis, this is so you can now determine if you would need to start, continue taking one or potentially stop it. Would a supplement increase risk of toxicity for any nutrients?
  4. Discuss your intake of water – how did your intake compare to goal? Do you think the fluid requirement estimated by the software is accurate for your needs?
  5. What foods and beverages in your diet contributed to fluid?
  6. Would any beverages be considered sugary sweetened beverages? Why is this important to consider?
  7. How about caffeinated beverages? How often do you consume these? Why should someone consider caffeine in their fluid consumption?
  8. Do you consume energy drinks? What is the impact of such products in the diet?
  9. Do you consume electrolyte containing beverages regularly?
  10. If you are active, do you think you would benefit from electrolyte containing beverages? Why or why not?

  • Energy Balance & Weight and Final Recommendations:
  1. 7 points: Discuss energy and weight. Your diet analysis will be an estimate of how many calories you ate. Your diet analysis profile will estimate how many calories you need. Consider what you needed to know to set up your profile in your discussion, could there be any error that may have occurred?
  2. You should also

    calculate your energy needs using at least 1 formula

    we used in the module on Energy Balance – compare this value to the goal provided by NutriCalc in your discussion.

    1. Does your calorie intake meet or exceed your needs? Why or why not?

    2. Is your weight stable? If you need more or less calories than you eat and your weight is stable – how do you explain that?

      1. Consider the potential for human error, calculation errors, etc. in this discussion. Be LOGICAL!!!
    3. Calculate your BMI? What is your risk for disease based on your BMI?
    4. Do you need to maintain, gain or lose weight in order to achieve a BMI in a low risk category? If weight change is desirable, briefly outline several things you might to do improve health, consider what you have learned about BMI/health and realistic weight goals.
  3. 5 points: Now that you have completed parts I-III, review all the strengths and weaknesses identified from your assessments of your diet.

    1. Summarize your top 3 strengths

      1. This can be done using bullet points.
    2. Identify your 3 weaknesses you wish to improve.

      1. This can be done using bullet points.
    3. Develop 3 SMART goals to address your 3 weaknesses and make sure to include detailed steps and strategies for how you will make these changes to improve your diet.

      1. Please see the handout online about writing and developing SMART goals
      2. Be sure to include timely, specific, and measurable goals