Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo
In the Euthyphro, Socrates and Euthyphro are unable to answer the question: “Do the gods love what is holy or pious because of its holiness or piety, or is what is called “holiness” or “piety” only so called because the gods (all the gods) love it.” Can this question be answered? If so, what is the answer? If not, why is there no answer?
In the Apology, Socrates is charged with corrupting the youth of Athens by making the worse argument appear to be the better and with believing in “strange gods,” gods unknown to the citizens of Athens. How does Socrates respond to each of these charges? What are the real reasons Socrates, at the age of 70, was put on trial by his fellow citizens?
While he is awaiting execution, Socrates is visited by his friend Crito, who attempts to persuade him to escape. Socrates refuses. Why does he refuse? Was Socrates right to refuse to escape? If so, why? If not, why not?
Socrates, in the Phaedo, uses the Theory of Forms or Ideas as evidence for his belief that the human soul is immortal. How does he do this? HINT: It involves the theory of recollection
Use only those texts as your only reference.
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