Bryant and Stratton College Ethics in Health And Human Discussion Questions
Help me study for my Psychology class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.
This week we will be learning about the ethical theory utilitarianism. This week’s discussion will allow us to implement our knowledge of the theory in the form of a “thought experiment.” A “thought experiment” is a tool by which we can test a practice by examining an extreme scenario to see where the practice holds up and where the practice breaks down. After you apply utilitarianism to the scenario you are provided, you will then offer your own assessment as to whether utilitarianism has done a good job solving the dilemma.
Here is the situation:
You are running an organ donation laboratory. You play the role of the office manager, who controls the lab and the doctors within it. Currently, in the office, there are 5 patients awaiting organ transplants. One needs a heart, another, a liver, the third, a kidney, the fourth, a pancreas, and finally the last person needs a lung. Assume all the patients can accept any organ without their body rejecting it, and that all have only one day to live if they don’t get their transplants. A person comes in as a possible donor of a kidney for a family member and is found to match all 5 of the current dying patients.
You only have two options open to you: Will you do nothing and let 5 die, or will you kill 1 so that the 5 can live?
Assess the scenario as a utilitarian and explain the course of action you will take and the rule of utilitarianism that guided your choice.
Explain your own ethical position. State whether you agree with the utilitarians or not, explaining your reasoning in either case.
Explore the ramifications of the choice you have made.
As a health care professional, you may be asked to make difficult decisions throughout your career. Visit the Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s Case Study webpage (provided at the weblink below) and choose a case study to analyze. Then write a reflection in which you address the following:
Using what you have learned about utilitarianism outline how a utilitarian would have resolved the ethical dilemma in the case study you chose.
Explain whether you agree with this resolution and justify your rationale.
Institute for Healthcare Improvement Case Studies
Complete all of the
refer to PDF
This discussion will explore the idea of Essential Questions. Since this may be a new concept or term for you, it is a good idea to familiarize yourself with what an Essential Question is and how you can create your own. For some information on Essential Questions, please take a few minutes and read over the information presented on the website referenced below:
Essential Questions Explained
Considering and evaluating essential questions will both aid in your understanding of our course topics and prepare you for the process of developing and writing your portfolio project. In this discussion you must respond to two (2) of the following essential questions. Once you have responded to the essential questions, identify an additional question you have about the course topics that will help in the research process.
What is health?
How do we determine the value and quality of life?
Is it desirable for health to evolve?
Should we strive to make people “better than normal?”
Is healthcare a right or a commodity?
Come up with another question here.
Please respond and give your rationale for each question in 2-3 sentences to complete your initial discussion post
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.
ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS
Discussion Questions (DQ)
Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality
Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes
I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.